Bancha green tea is a Japanese green tea, probably one of the best known and most drunk in the world. This tea derives from the second or third harvest of the biggest leaves of the Camellia sinensis, which is the tea plant. Therefore, bancha cannot be considered as valuable as other types of green tea such as gyokuro or sencha but, despite this, it is highly appreciated for its stronger aroma and powerful properties, which are in any case remarkable.
Bancha green tea, properties
First of all, bancha green tea contains little caffeine and this makes it an excellent afternoon green tea (Hsiang-Fan, Green Tea). Not only that, bancha green tea contains antioxidants belonging to catechin family such as epigallocatechin gallate, although in smaller quantities than the green tea obtained from the first harvest, such as sencha that, in this case, is called sincha that means new tea (Sakata et al, Yakugaku Zasshi, 1991). Catechins are very powerful substances that show antioxidant, anticancer, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties in addition to being protective for the health of heart and blood vessels (Koo et al, Eur J Pharmacol, 2004). But bancha green tea also protects your teeth! In fact, a research performed a few years ago (Taylor et al, Food Sci Technol Bull, 2009) has analyzed the condition of the teeth of 800 Japanese children. It was observed that children who drank a cup a day of bancha green tea had a significantly lower incidence of pits and fissures on teeth than children who did not drink green tea. Pits and fissures can cause bacterial colonization and subsequent caries formation, which is why they often require a dentist to seal them. The authors of the study explained these results with an increased presence of fluorine in bancha tea drinkers.
Bancha green tea, how to prepare it
You can find bancha tea in bags or in the form of loose leaf tea. If possible, it is always better to choose the loose leaf form and preferably of organic origin. For the preparation of bancha tea, heat a liter of water until it reaches a temperature of 70° C. Remove from the heat and add 7 teaspoons of tea leaves, leave to brew for ten minutes then filter and drink within an hour in order not to lose the properties!