Momordica charantia is a climbing plant of the Cucurbitaceae family, also known as bitter melon or bitter gourd, is characterized by a fruit with important healthy properties, well known and appreciated in traditional Indian and Chinese medicine and nowadays confirmed also by scientific studies. Bitter melon, indeed, is rich in vitamins A, C, B1 and B2, and, according to scientific studies, it is able to lower the levels of blood sugar and to improve the glucose tolerance. A 2003 review published on the American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy by a group of American researchers points out that four clinical trials have found that momordica juice, the fruit as well as the powder have a hypoglycemic action. This effect is due to two substances contained in the momordica that are charantin and a polypeptide, called polypeptide P. The remedy can therefore be used in case of diabetes or altered blood glucose.
In addition to this, momordica can also be applied in case of overweight and obesity since it limits the accumulation of fat and improves the metabolism. From the momordica supplements can be obtained in the form of juices or capsules of dry extract. You can take 100 ml of juice twice a day for one month or, if you prefer capsules, 100 mg of dry extract, 2 capsules a day. Do not use momordica if you are already taking other medications that control blood glucose, avoid the remedy during pregnancy and in small children. In case of excessive doses it can cause nausea, diarrhea and abdominal swelling. In any case, given the hypoglycemic effect, always ask your doctor for advice.