Clementine, also known as easy peeler, scientific name citrus clementina, is a very fragrant, juicy and delicious citrus fruit that is harvested between November and January. Clementine should not be confused with mandarin, scientific name citrus reticulata. There are in fact two different fruits although similar in appearance and in the way they are eaten in segments. Mandarin, in fact, has very ancient origins making its appearance more than 3000 years ago in Japan while the clementine arises from the grafting of mandarin on the bitter orange plant and is more modern. The clementine, unlike the mandarin, has no seeds and this makes it more pleasant to eat, even for children, in addition, the clementine has also a thinner peel than the mandarin, which is thicker and more rigid. Let’s now see the beneficial properties of clementine.
The clementine is rich in water, it is refreshing and suitable as a snack or for breakfast, it has a sweet taste but it is a low calorie fruit, in fact it provides 47 kcal per 100 grams of product. Not only that, clementine is a source of mineral salts such as calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, zinc, copper and manganese, and vitamins such as vitamin C, E and group B (USDA Database). Clementine also contains antioxidants, in addition to vitamin C, in particular it contains polyphenols such as hesperidin and rutin (Milella te al, J Agric food Chem, 2011). These antioxidants, always considered abundant only in the peel, have also been observed in its juice and have proved to be beneficial substances for the heart and the body in general, useful to counteract diabetes, tumors and Alzheimer (Man et al, Evid Based Complement Alternat Med, 2019).
Clementine, warnings and interactions
Clementine can interact with drugs, as evidenced by a research published a few years ago in the European Journal of pharmaceutical science (Theile et al, 2017). In fact, this fruit influences the activity of drug transporters and enzymes responsible for their metabolism. This action is not so pronounced as that of grapefruit, but it should be taken into consideration when you are taking medicines.