The dioscorea, also known as wild yam, scientific name Dioscorea villosa, is a plant of the Dioscoraceae family with properties that are concentrated in its roots and tubers. The use of the plant to treat menstrual cramps dates back to the 18th century, but in the 1950's scientists discovered that dioscorea contains, among other substances, also diosgenin, a phytoestrogen used to chemically produce the progesterone in laboratory. In fact, diosgenin was at the very basis of the first contraceptive pill. However, diosgenin does not become progesterone in the body but just in laboratory after a chemical process and therefore the use of dioscorea to treat menopausal symptoms such as overweight, hot flashes, osteoporosis, anxiety but also premenstrual syndrome with water retention and weight gain, as it happens still now, seems to have no basis. However, laboratory studies have shown that dioscorea is able to lower cholesterol levels in the tested animals and triglyceride levels in humans, although further research will be needed to prove this effect. In addition to this, dioscorea has a demonstrated antifungal effect against yeast infections and other fungal infections, as shown by the study published in 2013 on the journal Biochimica et Biophysica acta and performed by a group of researchers from the Kyungpook University of South Korea. You can take the remedy in capsules, a capsule of 250 ml of dry extract per day with water at meals. Do not use during pregnancy or breastfeeding or together with a classical hormone therapy in order to avoid possible interactions with the main components.
Antifungal properties against yeast infections and other fungal infections, able to control the levels of bad cholesterol LDL and triglycerides, widely used in order to treat menopausal symptomatology and premenstrual syndrome but scientific studies have not shown these properties yet.