Menu
Natural Home Remedies healthy recipesNatural Home Remedies healthy lifestyle
Healthy in the kitchen, the acrylamide

Healthy in the kitchen, the acrylamide

Acrylamide is a potentially carcinogenic substance that develops when foods rich in starches are subjected to cooking at high temperatures, let's try to understand how it is possible to reduce the amount of produced acrylamide
Acrylamide is a toxic substance found in foods rich in carbohydrates and subjected to frying, roasting and baking and classified by the IARC as a probable carcinogen for humans. However, even nowadays, there is no certainty about its effects on health. In fact, acrylamide is known to be neurotoxic and harmful to the liver, lungs and kidneys, however, at the doses taken with food there is no evidence that it can cause tumors. In any case, the studies have all focused on the short-term effects and there is no research about the long-term consequences of a continuous intake of small quantities of acrylamide, as happens with the diet (Exon et al, J Toxicol Environ Health B Crit Rev ., 2016). That's why it is good to try, when possible, to reduce the amount of ingested acrylamide. It will never be possible to completely eliminate acrylamide, but as we will see below, precautions can be taken to lower the amount in food. So let's try to understand how acrylamide is formed and what we can do to reduce the presence of this substance.

Acrylamide, why it is found in foods

Acrylamide is formed through high temperature cooking of starches, such as when we fry chips or bake bread and crackers. Due to the processes to which they are subjected, we also find acrylamide in coffee, cocoa and breakfast cereals. Acrylamide begins to form at 120 °C and reaches its maximum peak around 180 °C (Mucci et al, J Agric Food Chem, 2019). Acrylamide, on the other hand, does not form after boiling food (Kumar et al, Front Nutr, 2018). It is estimated that a third of the calories consumed by American and European citizens contain acrylamide. That's why acrylamide is a topic of interest. As mentioned, it is impossible to completely eliminate this substance. However, it is possible, with some precautions, to reduce it.

Acrylamide, some tips

When frying carbohydrate-rich foods, the amount of acrylamide increases with increasing temperature, quadrupling when it reaches the temperature of 190 °C compared to the quantity that is formed at 170 °C. Therefore, having a cooking thermometer could be a good idea in order to reach a temperature between 160 °C and 170 °C, below this threshold the food becomes soaked with oil and does not complete cooking while above it significantly increases the quantity of acrylamide (Palazoglu et al, J Food Sci, 2010). Acrylamide also increases with increasing frying time, but also the type of oil used for frying can determine a greater or lesser presence of acrylamide. Olive oil, in fact, thanks to the phenols it contains, including substances called ortho-diphenols, inhibits the formation of acrylamide (Napolitano et al, J Agric Food Chem, 2008). As for baking, the temperature is decisive in the amount of acrylamide found in food but the result is slightly different from what one might expect. In fact, it has been observed that baking at 170 °C produces more acrylamide than when cooking food at 180 °C. Not only that, cooking in the oven at 170 °C produces higher quantities of this substance than frying at the same temperature. By comparing cooking methods and temperatures, the least amount of acrylamide is obtained by baking in the oven at 180 °C (Palazoglu et al, J Food Sci, 2010).
AUTHOR
She combines her passion for a natural lifestyle and her university studies, she has indeed a Master of Science degree in Physics and a PhD in Physics in the field of biophysics. Reading scientific articles, being updated with the latest scientific researches and testing new methods and recipes is since always her job that, we hope, has become useful to you.
Natural Remedies App Logo
Get now the App Natural Remedies, the app for a healthy lifestyle and healthy food

You might also be interested in these natural remedies

Almonds, a sweet healthy snack
Almonds, a sweet healthy snack
Almonds are the edible seeds of the almond tree, scientific name Prunus amygdalus var dulcis, native to Central Asia but nowadays widespread all over the world. With their delicate flavor, almonds are appreciated by ever
Anti-inflammatory lifestyle Part 5, friendship and love for a healthy brain
Anti-inflammatory lifestyle Part 5, friendship and love for a healthy brain
Aristotle was the first to say it in his work Politics, man is, by nature, a social animal and tends to aggregate with other human beings. But this behavior isn’t just natural, it is also the basis for a healthy mind and
Omega 3 fatty acids, the healthy fats
Omega 3 fatty acids, the healthy fats
Essential fatty acids, a category to which omega 3 also belong, are not synthesized by the body but must be introduced with diet or supplements. But what are the properties of omega 3 fatty acids and why are they said to
Inflammaging and centenarians, the secret of a long and healthy life
Inflammaging and centenarians, the secret of a long and healthy life
The secret of the centenarians? Being able to fight inflammation! Inflammation, in fact, if on the one hand it is beneficial as it represents our defense against aggression, be it viruses, bacteria, fungi, toxins or tumo
Healthy in the kitchen, alternatives to white sugar Part 1, stevia, coconut sugar and agave syrup
Healthy in the kitchen, alternatives to white sugar Part 1, stevia, coconut sugar and agave syrup
White sugar is probably one of the most used and also most dangerous ingredients in Western diet. In addition to the sugar that we often add to sweeten desserts and coffee, during the day we consume sugar even without kn
Natural beauty, how to get healthy and shiny hair
Natural beauty, how to get healthy and shiny hair
The beauty of the hair depends on their health. A normal and balanced production of sebum protects the scalp and hair, which is shiny and soft, we are not plagued by itching and irritation and the hair roots are strong.
Natural beauty, capillary bath for healthy and glossy hair
Natural beauty, capillary bath for healthy and glossy hair
The capillary bath is a treatment for the scalp that results beneficial in case of dandruff, itching, psoriasis, dermatitis but also brittle and dry hair. The treatment consists in an application of a plant based oil, th
Healthy in the kitchen, the microwave oven
Healthy in the kitchen, the microwave oven
The microwave oven, commonly known as microwave, is probably one of the most popular appliance in a kitchen all over the world. However, much has been said about its safety, advancing the hypothesis that it may release r
Natural Remedies
Download the App
Copyright © 2022 - Natural Remedies Registered Brand 302018000008020
x