The pulmonaria, also called lungwort, scientific name Pulmonaria officinalis, is a plant of the Boraginaceae family used for centuries as a remedy to counteract coughs and bronchitis thanks to its expectorant, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effect on the bronchi and the lungs. Scientists are also focusing their attention on pulmonaria in order to check its real properties. Based on analyzes carried out on the plant, it has been found that the pulmonaria contains rosmarinic acid, with a powerful anti-inflammatory, bactericidal and antioxidant action, as well as other antioxidant substances such as lignans, quercetin and kaempforol and, to a lesser extent, caffeic acid (Krzyzanowska et al, Molecules, September 2018). Hence the use of pulmonaria to protect bronchi and lungs from bacteria and viruses also has a scientific basis. You can take lungwort to protect yourself from diseases caused by the first colds, typical of this autumn period, and by temperature changes. You can find the remedy by herbalist’s or chemist’s shops, both in the form of mother tincture or dried plant to prepare herbal teas. The mother tincture has an effective action against the cough already present, in this case the dosage is 30 drops in a little water twice a day. The herbal tea, on the other hand, is excellent to prevent seasonal illnesses of the respiratory tract. In this case bring to a boil a little more than a cup of water, remove from heat and add 10 g of plant, leave to brew for ten minutes, then filter and drink a cup every day for a month.
Alternatively, in case of inflammation of the throat, you can prepare a decoction by boiling a cup of water with 10 grams of plant for a few minutes, then remove from heat and let it rest for five minutes, then filter and once lukewarm use for gargling. Although easy to find in both real and online stores, before taking the pulmonaria ask your doctor for advice to avoid interactions with drugs you are already taking or to assess the personal situation. In particular, pay attention during pregnancy, breastfeeding or if you are taking anticoagulant drugs given the anticoagulant action of the remedy (Akram et al, Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysi, September 2017).